Title: Physical Activity & Health: An Interactive Approach, Second Edition
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Practice Quizzes

These Practice Quizzes test your knowledge of the important concepts in each chapter and provide an explanation for each answer.

Please read each question and select your answer from the choices provided. You must complete all of the questions in order to view your results. At the end of each exam, you have the option to e-mail your results to your instructor.


1:  Bones can be affected by disease.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

2:  Osteoporosis affects both males and females.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

3:  Osteoporosis cannot be cured.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

4:  Mature bone is made up of calcium and phosphate.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

5:  Osteocytes digest or absorb bony tissue.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

6:  Bone growth occurs over a lifetime.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

7:  A cell called an osteoblast is responsible for bone formation.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

8:  Bone formation is greatly influenced by hormones.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

9:  The parathyroid gland regulates calcium levels in the blood.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

10:  Most Americans obtain adequate levels of calcium through their dietary habits.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

11:  Spinach contains more calcium than a cup of milk.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

12:  To achieve optimal calcium intake, individuals can meet their daily needs though calcium supplements.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

13:  All calcium sources—food or supplement—enhance the absorption of iron.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

14:  An individual who is lactose intolerant is incapable of ingesting dairy products without intestinal distress.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

15:  Sunlight is a source of Vitamin D.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

16:  Physical activity will only affect bone at the skeletal sites that are stressed by the activity.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

17:  Prolonged bed rest will enhance bone mineral density.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

18:  A fracture must occur before osteoporosis can be diagnosed.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

19:  African American females are at the highest risk for osteoporosis.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

20:  Risk of low bone mineral density increases for women after menopause.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

21:  It is possible to measure an individual's bone density in their heel.
A: TRUE
B: FALSE

22:  Bone remodeling begins
A: at birth
B: during adolescence
C: after puberty
D: after menopause

23:  Most individuals reach peak bone mass
A: at 1-2 years of age
B: during the teenage years
C: during the mid to late 20s
D: after 65

24:  Bone remodeling involves
A: breaking down and building bone
B: repairing a fracture
C: replacing an injured bone
D: making a bone model out of plaster

25:  Nutrients that are key for bone health consist of all of the following except
A: calcium
B: iron
C: vitamin C
D: vitamin D

26:  The Institute of Medicine defines toxic levels of calcium intake above which one of the following amounts?
A: 2.5 mg
B: 25 mg
C: 250 mg
D: 2500 mg

27:  The highest amount of calcium intake is recommended for which group of individuals?
A: newborns (0-6 months)
B: children (4-8 yrs)
C: males and females (9-18 yrs)
D: pregnant females (19-50 yrs)

28:  Surgeon General's Report on Physical Activity recommends a minimum of how much moderate intensity activity?
A: 10 minutes
B: 30 minutes
C: 60 minutes
D: 90 minutes

29:  Which of the following physical activities would be effective weight-bearing activity choices for increasing and maintaining bone density?
A: walking
B: jumping rope
C: stair climbing
D: all of the above

30:  All of the following are common sites of fractures for an individual with low bone mass except:
A: jaw
B: hip
C: spine
D: wrist

31:  What is considered the most cost-effective approach to treating osteoporosis?
A: medication
B: surgery
C: physical therapy
D: prevention

32:  All of the following influence the risk of osteoporosis except
A: height
B: race
C: gender
D: family history

33:  An excessive curvature in the cervical spine causing a tilted ribcage and a protruding abdomen is called
A: cervical fracture
B: scoliosis
C: dowager's hump
D: rickets

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